I’ve been excited to read a heap of recent studies that show the important role that indigenous peoples play in protecting the rainforest. This newest study by Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) adds more even more evidence – and lays bare the need for governments to do more to recognize indigenous and community land rights.
The report finds that “Communities and Indigenous Peoples are estimated to hold as much as 65 percent of the world’s land area under customary systems”, but “only 18 percent of land area in the countries studied is formally recognized as owned or controlled by local communities and Indigenous Peoples” The gap in recognition is shocking, and shows how much work we all have cut out for us.
To this end, various organizations are launching a Global Call to Action, aimed at doubling the global area of land recognized as owned or controlled by indigenous peoples and communities by 2020. Join the landrightsnow.org network and check out #landrightsnow. I’ve signed up already!
The Rainforest Foundation has worked with indigenous peoples for over 25 years in obtaining their land rights. Over the years, we’ve learned a couple of things which we think are important to share as the need for recognizing land rights becomes a consensus. I thought I’d share a few thoughts here, to celebrate that #landrightsnow is trending.
It’s a long-term strategy: Obtaining land rights takes years and years. Land demarcation and titles are most often the result of decades of struggle by local communities consistently demanding their territorial rights. Our support must therefore be long-term.
It takes a multiplicity of approaches: gaining land recognition is not just about filing papers; it usually takes various different efforts. These include:
• Constant community meetings and consensus-building
• Community mapping to determine boundaries and negotiate with neighbors
• Legal work
• Advocacy and policy work: meetings with government officials at local, regional and national levels
• In a number of cases, international advocacy, campaigns, and the use of international declarations, courts and agreements
• Direct action
This means that our support, as allies and funders, must be both flexible and support multiple strategies.
Organizational strengthening is key: both the struggle for land rights and consolidating those rights with sustainable, long-term protection takes strong organizations. Indigenous organizations are frequently over-burdened and under-resourced. Without strong leaders, clear strategy, transparency, and accountability to their communities, organizations can have a hard time sustaining their work over the long-term. Donors should provide ongoing organizational support, both financial, and when asked for, technical.
Suggestions for other lessons learned? Please get in touch with me!