Congresswoman Célia Xakriabá holds elder Isabela Xokleng after the Supreme Court rejected the Marco Temporal.
IMAGE CREDIT: Scarlett Rocha

Brazil’s Supreme Court Votes in Favor of Indigenous Rights in Landmark Trial

MEDIA CONTACTS

Camila Rossi: gro.s1719236482utser1719236482ofnia1719236482r@iss1719236482orc1719236482
Beth Duncan: gro.s1719236482utser1719236482ofnia1719236482r@nac1719236482nudb1719236482

On Thursday (09/21), Brazil’s Supreme Court reached a majority decision to reject Marco Temporal, a pernicious legal argument that translates as a “Time Limit” on Indigenous peoples’ land rights. The thesis, backed by lawmakers linked to agribusiness, asserted that Indigenous peoples are only entitled to lands they physically occupied during the 1988 signing of the Constitution, officially striking from records the brutal decades of forced displacement during Brazil’s long dictatorship in the years leading up to 1988.

As the results were announced, Indigenous communities around Brazil erupted into celebration, filling the central plazas of state capitals with music and dancing. The court decision marks a significant victory for Indigenous peoples’ rights. However, it doesn’t signify the end of the struggle to guarantee the ancestral rights of Indigenous territories, as multiple threats are still circulating within the Senate, such as Bill 2903. In addition to heralding open season for would-be extractivists, this bill would dissolve protections for Indigenous people living in voluntary isolation.

“This is a victory for Indigenous peoples, as we have fought for years to defeat this thesis which has been halting the demarcation processes. We emerge victorious, but there is still much to combat regarding the threats circulating in the Federal Congress. We remain mobilized and committed, as the fight will persist to ensure and protect the rights of Indigenous peoples,” said Dinamam Tuxá, Executive Coordinator of the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (APIB).

“Today marks a historic stand against erasure and injustice. By rejecting the Marco Temporal, Brazil’s Supreme Court has affirmed the inalienable rights of Indigenous peoples and recognized their essential role as guardians of our planet’s most crucial ecosystems. This is more than a victory for Brazil’s Indigenous communities; it’s a win for the Amazon, the planet, and our common future. Today, the world has been reminded that in the face of climate change, defending Indigenous territorial rights, honoring forest guardians, and adopting a long-term vision are our most potent tools. Together, we celebrate this important victory and recommit to our shared mission: championing Indigenous rights and protecting the Amazon rainforest” – Suzanne Pelletier, Executive Director of Rainforest Foundation US.

Read More

Stories

Mesoamerican Community Leaders Point the Way Toward a High-Integrity Carbon Market

The Mesoamerican Alliance of Peoples and Forests (AMPB), in collaboration with Rainforest Foundation US and Fundación PRISMA, convened in El Salvador to shape a united vision for strengthening the integrity of carbon markets in the region. This comes at a crucial moment as governments and the private sector increasingly advocate for nature-based solutions, including carbon markets and REDD+ initiatives, which have been developed without adequate input from the communities leading forest protection efforts on the ground.

Take Action Against Climate Change

Rainforests absorb and store more carbon dioxide than all other types of forests, making rainforest protection one of the most effective solutions to climate change. Support indigenous peoples on the frontlines of rainforest protection.

Hover over the amounts to see what your donation can achieve:

THE EARTH IS SPEAKING​

Will you listen?

Now, through April 30th, your impact will be doubled. A generous donor has committed to matching all donations up to $15,000.

Any amount makes a difference.

Sign up today!

Get updates on our recent work and victories, stories from our Indigenous partners, and learn how you can get involved.

Didier Devers
Chief of Party – USAID Guatemala
gro.y1719236482nffr@1719236482sreve1719236482dd1719236482

Didier has been coordinating the USAID-funded B’atz project since joining Rainforest Foundation US in April 2022. He holds a Master’s in Applied Anthropology and a Bachelor’s in Geography. Before joining the organization, Didier worked for 12 years in Central and South America on issues of transparency, legality, governance, and managing stakeholders’ processes in the environmental sector. Prior to that he worked on similar issues in Central Africa. He speaks French, Spanish, and English, and is based in Guatemala.