Rainforest Foundation US is using blockchain technology to track, verify, and reward communities for protecting and regenerating forests.
Rainforest Foundation and Regen Network have launched a blockchain based pilot project in the indigenous community of Buen Jardin de Callarú, Peru. We are using smart contracts to get funds directly to this frontline rainforest community based on verified evidence that they are protecting their forests.
By drastically reducing typical upfront project costs and aligning short term economic gain with long term ecological health, we are rebuilding the economics of community based forest protection.
We aim to expand this cost effective system to communities across the Amazon, dramatically increasing the scale of investment to these frontline forest protectors that produce results that will have a global impact on our climate.
How it works
We use near real time satellite data to detect deforestation and forest cover, smartphone apps to track community level actions, and blockchain technology to issue smart contract payments to communities that have proven to protect or regenerate their forests.
Regen Network has created a blockchain based direct payments system where local communities can interface with investors and donors. This immutable system ensures that donor payments get where they need to go, and anyone can track how much went where and when.
Using a user friendly interface, businesses, institutions, governments, and individual donors can now find and pay for verified and unalterable evidence of forest protection from data sourced directly from a community and satellites.
Watch this one minute video to better understand how the program works.
Why we are doing this
One of the biggest challenges in tropical conservation and reforestation is ensuring that the limited funding available for on-the-ground work actually reaches the people on the ground.
All too often, funding for frontline defenders disappears in the hallways of well intentioned NGOs and what reaches the people who could put it to best use – such as indigenous communities – is only a fraction of the original sum. At the same time, foundations and corporate institutions interested in investing in front-line conservation often lack viable options that meet their monitoring, verification and transparency requirements.
Rainforest Foundation US along with our indigenous federation partner ORPIO and tech partner Regen Network, are exploring alternatives to the traditional funding/transparency paradigm through blockchain technology.
While the blockchain is most commonly referred-to in the same breath as cryptocurrency and feverish market runs, many believe that the real potential of blockchain tech goes far beyond digital coins. At its core, blockchain technology is essentially a transparent and immutable ledger for any type of transaction, including transactions between funding agencies and on-the-ground actors.
Through our pilot project we are exploring the possibility that communities interested in protecting their forests and reforesting destroyed or degraded habitat can connect directly with international funders via a transparent blockchain ledger and eliminate costly intermediaries.
Our straight-forward hypothesis is that since forest cover and reforestation efforts can be easily detected by satellite, each acre protected or reforested can trigger payments from investors directly to the people or communities responsible for the work. The technology that could make this happen is already here. Frontline forest communities are ready to work. And we think impact-oriented investors are due a new and transparent model for protecting and recovering the forests of the world.
Our Pilot Project
We are piloting this project in the Ticuna community of Buen Jardin de Callarú in the Loreto district of northern Peru. This community has agreed to collectively conserve 1,000 hectares of Amazon forest, and simultaneously undertake an ambitious reforestation project in currently degraded land.
The community has set strict conservation rules, committing to zero deforestation for next year and beyond. The community will actively patrol their territory and monitor deforestation using their existing community monitoring program. The community investigates deforestation alerts they receive from the WRI Global Forest Watch system and investigate them using drones and other tools.
The community will be compensated for maintaining net zero deforestation through direct encrypted transfers using Regen Network’s blockchain based payment system. The community will collectively manage the funds, and funding transfers will be conditional upon the community’s compliance with an agreement signed between Buen Jardin de Callarú and Rainforest Foundation US.
The community has agreed to use the funds they collectively receive for maintaining forest cover to invest in reforestation of degraded lands. Buen Jardín de Callarú has suffered from historical deforestation from illegal logging, cattle ranching, and the cultivation of coca plantations. Families in the community have agreed to protect their collective forest and reforest at least 70 hectares in year one of the pilot project with native species. On average each hectare will be planted with 110 trees, with 100 trees expected to be successful.
Therefore, over 70 hectares, the project plans to grow 7,000 trees in year one. A hectare of Peruvian Amazon forest holds approximately 128 tons of carbon, according to official Peruvian government analysis.
The funds they receive for protecting their forest will be deposited into a communal bank account, which they are calling their “tree account” since they have collectively agreed to use these funds to cultivate seedlings that will be distributed to families to plant, tend, and monitor over the coming years.
Compliance with tree planting will be measured and verified by satellite data, as well as by the community forest monitors who will provide quarterly updates on the trees planted and their growth. This system will provide for continuous monitoring of reforestation and estimated net increase in carbon capture. This data will be attached to the blockchain.
Photo: Community members of Buen Jardin de Callaru.